How we perceive music depends on the cultural context. Music has different esthetic biases in different cultures. Also instruments, rhythms, melodies, scales and tones vary. The meaning of music is still the same everywhere: it’s entertainment, communication and strenghtening the sense of togetherness.
It’s not necessary to “undestand music correctly”. It enough to experience it. This is something to keep on your mind when you hear music that is not familiar to you. The experience is always authentic and correct even though it’s not possible to explain or analyze it.
Even music that differs from our own biases can be understood in certain level. It doesn’t require understanding the meanings or structures like learning a new language. The language of music is unversal.